Baroque is a term used to describe the highly decorative style of architecture, painting and music in Western Europe of the period 1600-1750.

Baroque music is characterized by its splemdour and highly ornamented style.

There were a big change of musical style during the Baroque period:
~The rise of secular music
~Major-minor key system gradually replaced church modes, upon which harmony was based for the next two centuries.
~The orchestra started to take shape.
~The composers and performers started to use ornaments such as the trill and the mordent.


1. George Frederick Handelhandel (1685-1759)

~ Gernman composer
~ violinist and harpsichordist in Hamburg opera orchestra
~ travelled widely in Europe
~ became popular in England
~ works are mainly in dramatic forms and are chiefly homophonic
~ works include operas, oratorios, sonatas, concertos and cantatas


Celebrated works:
~ Messiah (Oratorio)
~ Fireworks Music Suite (Instrumental Music)




2. Johann Sebastian Bachjohann_sebastian_bach (1685-1750)

~ German composer, “The Father of Music”
~ greateast master of counterpoint
~ court orgainst and later a director of orchestra
~ married twice and has 20 children
~ spent his last years in blindness
~ words include concertos, orchestral suite, sonatas, keyboard music, cantatas
~ great influence on succeeding generations


Celebrated works:
~ 48 Preludes and Fugues (The Well-Tempered Clavier, Keyboard Music)
~ St. Matthew Passion (Vocal Church Music)
~ 6 Brandenburg Concertos (Orchestral Music)




3.Antonio Vivaldi (1675-1741)antonio_vivaldi

~ Italian composer
~ born in Venice
~ received early musical education from his father
~ became a priest  in 1703
~ later worked as conductor and director at a charity institution for orphan girls
~ works include concertos
~ established the design of the concerto (Quick, Slow, Quick)


Celebrated works:
~ The Four Seasons (Instrumental Music)